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In light of the recent terrorist attacks in Paris that left more than 100 dead and many more injured, the reaction on social media has been largely supportive with people changing their profile pictures to the French flag and companies changing their website layouts to show solidarity with France. While military action has been taken against the Islamic State (ISIS), Internet users are doing their part as well. Anonymous has announced that they are launching their biggest operation ever against ISIS, #OpISIS, while Muslims have had their own established campaign, #NotInMyName, to distance themselves from the actions of Islamic extremist groups.

“Anonymous from all over the world will hunt you down,” said Anonymous, speaking in French. “You should know that we will find you and we will not let you go. We will launch the biggest operation ever against you. Expect massive cyber attacks. War is declared. Get prepared. The French people are stronger than you and will come out of this atrocity even stronger.”

ISIS has made their presence known on social media, posting hostage killings, propaganda and other content to recruit ISIS sympathizers. Anonymous has countered with a message of unity, stating that all people should be opposed to ISIS. “We are Muslims, Christians, Jews. We are hackers, crackers, Hacktivists, phishers, agents, spies, or just the guy from next door. We are young and old, gay or straight…we come from all races, countries, religions and ethnicities—united as one, divided by zero. We are Anonymous,” the group claimed, and further intimated the ISIS and Muslims are not one and the same.

While ISIS claims to hold authority over all those who profess the Muslim faith, many Muslims have condemned their brutal regime of terror. Reports have claimed that the majority of the Islamic State’s victims are Muslims themselves, and that Muslims are their biggest opponents. “We are revolted by this heinous attack on civilians,” said Nihad Awad, the executive director of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, one of the biggest Muslim groups in the United States. “ISIS is neither Islamic nor a state,” he continued, calling for all people to take action against ISIS. Many leaders across the Arab world condemned the attacks as well, including Saudi scholars, often seen as the most conservative among Muslims.

The #NotInMyName campaign has been around since 2014 in reaction to the rise of ISIS, but the Paris attacks have given the Twitter hashtag prominence once again. “These guys are a bunch of loons with a distorted perception of Islam,” said Tahmina Ansari, an Australian journalist. “These terrorists ISIS are not true Muslims, they do not practice the true teachings of Islam, peace, mercy and compassion. They are the enemy of all mankind,” said Hanif Qadir, founder of the British-based Active Change Foundation.

Some of the basic tenets of the Islamic faith, as outlined in the Qu’ran, revolve around non-violence. “Whoever kills an innocent person, it is as though he as killed all of mankind.” Hirabah (terrorism) is also forbidden according to several Islamic scholars. “Anyone who disturbs free passage in the streets and renders them unsafe to travel, striving to spread corruption in the land by taking money, killing people or violating what God has made it unlawful to violate is guilty of hirabah,” said 11th century Islamic jurist Ibn Abd al-Barr.

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